The Multinational Force and Observers is an independent (non-UN) peacekeeping mission, created as a result of the 1978
Camp David Accords
and the 1979
Treaty of Peace.
The MFO's expenses, less the contributions of Germany and Japan, are funded in equal parts by the
Arab Republic of Egypt
State of Israel
and the United States of America. Since 1982, various nations have contributed military
and civilian personnel to serve in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula as part of this highly successful
organization. The ten currently Participating States are Australia, Canada, Colombia,
Fiji, France, Hungary, Italy, New Zealand, the United States and Uruguay. Norway, while
not a Participating State, provides the MFO with four staff officers.
With the Director General and his staff at MFO Headquarters in Rome, Italy, and
representatives in Cairo and Tel Aviv, the bulk of the Force and the
Civilian Observer Unit
operate in the Sinai Peninsula.
, located approximately 20 km south of the Mediterranean at El Gorah, is the site of the Force Commander's Headquarters and provides
facilities for the logistical and operational needs of the Force. The smaller
, near Sharm el Sheikh on the southern tip of the
, overlooks the Red Sea. From these main camps, the MFO mans a series of approximately 30 remote operational sites running the length of the penninsula.